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August 3, 2015

Sea Ice Extent – Day 214

Global_Sea_Ice_Extent_2015_Day_214_1981-2010 Global_Sea_Ice_Extent_Zoomed_2015_Day_214_1981-2010 Antarctic_Sea_Ice_Extent_2015_Day_214_1981-2010 Antarctic_Sea_Ice_Extent_Zoomed_2015_Day_214_1981-2010 Arctic_Sea_Ice_Extent_2015_Day_214_1981-2010 Arctic_Sea_Ice_Extent_Zoomed_2015_Day_214_1981-2010

South / North


1 Comment »

  1. My version of how it works:

    Fundamentals ->
    1) Solar energy runs it all.
    2) The oceans store energy as heat.
    3) The atmospheric temperatures are controlled by a combination of the Solar input, ocean temperatures, Ozone caps over the poles, and ocean currents.
    4) The Global ocean temperatures, due to the Sun, have been rising since 1650.
    5) The Ozone layer and “holes” are created by the Sun. Solar EUV creates almost all Ozone, and wind currents distribute the Ozone. At the Poles, Ozone is dissipated [low Solar EUV].

    At the North Pole ->
    1) The North Pole has very low ocean circulation from both the Atlantic and the Pacific.
    2) The Northern Pacific is relatively stagnate, due to lack of major currents into the Arctic. Being stagnate allows for ocean temperature increases, hence the “Warm Blobs”.
    3) The lack of major ocean currents tends to block atmospheric flow into the Arctic, including Ozone flow.
    3) The Ozone layer plays a more important role in controlling temperature by forming a “heat cap”.

    At the South Pole ->
    1) The South Pole has very high circulation due to the Circumpolar current.
    2) Ozone is dissipated by the lack of Solar EUV, creating the Antarctica Ozone hole. This allows heat to easily escape {radiate} into space.
    3) The Circumpolar current is diverted northward in two places: southern tip of South America and the southern tip of Africa.
    4) The cold waters from Antarctica are moved northward up the western sides of South America and Africa. {The African current tends to the surface and is easier to see, The South American current stays deep.}

    At the Equator [Pacific Ocean] ->
    1) The intensity of the Trade Winds is controlled by the Solar intensity. Most Ozone is created here {but moved quickly away by the Trade Winds and Hadley Cells. Appears as an Ozone deficiency}.
    2) The Trade Winds cause a surface ocean current that moves from East to West. A 4 to 6 foot difference in ocean height is normal between South America and Indonesia.
    3) As that ocean current “strikes” Indonesia, the current divides into three major currents: 1) the Northern Pacific, 2) the Southern Pacific, and a Deep Equatorial current that travels back to South America.
    4) El Nino occurs when Solar energy has been high for 3 to 4 years, and the Deep Equatorial current [“warm blob of water”] moves back to South America and rises to the surface. If the Sun is “on”, that will warm the “Blob” more.
    5) La Nina occurs when Solar energy is low, and the Deep Equatorial current is cold.

    1) The cold from Antarctica is moving up the West Coast of Africa causing the Atlantic Oscillation to go cold. Check out the waters in the Northern Atlantic, and the surface waters off of the West Coast of Africa.
    2) Solar Energy is down compared to the previous four Solar cycles as indicated by both the 10.7 cm Flux and the Sunspots.
    3) This Solar cycle is starting to wind down. Less Solar energy will translate to a “collapse of this El Nino”.
    4) The Antarctica Sea Ice was reduced [fewer records], due to this Peak of this Solar cycle [number 24].
    5) The oceans are warm and are dissipating this heat via evaporation [increased rain fall at the edges of the Hadley cells, etc.] . As Solar energy decreases, the Continents will cool faster than the Oceans.
    6) The “Warm Blob” in the Northern Pacific will cool but the rest of the Ocean will cool faster: this will leave the relative difference the same for years due to the Northern Pacific stagnation.

    Comment by jlurtz — August 4, 2015 @ 7:08 AM | Reply

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