sunshine hours

May 1, 2018

BC Carbon Tax – Gasoline Sales

Filed under: BC,Canada,Carbon Tax — sunshinehours1 @ 8:09 AM
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The province of BC is touted as carbon tax success story. If you google “carbon tax success” BC always shows up.

Just ask the NY Times:

And of course that would mean less gasoline used .. right?

Gross sales of gasoline (1,000 liters)

 2012 4,682,115
 2013 4,504,633
 2014 4,687,564
 2015 5,481,062
 2016 5,770,067

23% more gasoline used in BC from 2012.

And CO2 emitted climbed from 2010 to 2015 (last year available)

Its just a tax grab.

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April 30, 2018

Canadians Are Killing Forests – Biofuels, and especially wood pellets, actually worsen climate change

Filed under: Biofuels,Canada,CO2,wood,wood pellets — sunshinehours1 @ 8:18 AM
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Canada is ramping up turning forests into wood pellets for Europe and Asia.

And generating a lot more CO2.

“Wood pellets are considered carbon neutral because as forests grow they can retrap carbon, but the designation has drawn criticism from environmentalist and academics who have questioned the equation.

John Sterman, a professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management, published a paper earlier this year that argued burning pellets would release more carbon dioxide than coal in the short term because it was a less efficient source of energy.

The lag for when the carbon would potentially be reabsorbed to eventually make it carbon neutral is too long when emissions reduction is needed now, said Sterman in an interview.

“The next few decades, the rest of this century, this is the critical period,” said Sterman. “Biofuels, and especially wood pellets, actually worsen climate change over this period.”

There are also significant concerns about the reliability of the forest retrapping the carbon, since climate change is expected to increase the risks of forest fires and insect infestations, said Sterman.

“The EU has made this error, and accounting error. It’s just a false statement to say that biofuels are carbon neutral. They’re not neutral in the short run, and whether they’re neutral in the long run depends on the fate of the land.” “

April 22, 2018

Polar Bears Are Doing Fine – Except For the Ones Who Are Shot

Filed under: Canada,Polar Bears — sunshinehours1 @ 10:54 AM
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Polar Bears in northern Canada are doing fine.

Except for the ones shot and skinned and pelts shipped to Asia.

One of the people who oversees an Indigenous hunt of polar bears says the population is doing well, despite heart-wrenching photos online suggesting some bears are starving.

Every year, the Nunatsiavut government awards polar bear licences to Inuit hunters living in the northern Labrador settlement area.

The Inuit set a quota of 12 polar bears this winter. Nunatsiavut wildlife manager Jim Goudie said all 12 were taken within the first seven days of the season.

A 2007 study showed that there were roughly 2,150 bears in the Davis Strait region, which was nearly 1,300 more than previously thought. A new study is currently underway to determine if that trend has continued. (pbsg.npolar.no)

Goudie said it’s just the latest evidence that polar bears are on the rebound in northern Canada — a trend he said officials have been recording for years.

“There are lots of signs of bears,” he told CBC Radio’s Labrador Morning. “Lots of bears and a continuation of what we’ve seen over the last three or four years.”

Those who hunt bears are legally obligated to donate any meat they don’t use, but they are free to do what they want with the pelts.

Most opt to sell them to wealthy buyers from Canada to East Asia, and each pelt is embedded with a computer chip to prove it was acquired through a legal hunt.

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/polar-bear-population-hunt-nunatsiavut-1.4628156

 

March 8, 2018

Alberta Average July Tmax By Decade

Filed under: Alberta,Canada,Environment Canada Data — sunshinehours1 @ 10:30 AM
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I posted some data about temperatures in Edmonton and Alberta. I wanted to visualize it. So I’ve made a grid.

The source of the data is Environment Canadas monthly summaries.

I’m using Tmax, not Tmean. (The logic being that max temps are the problem)

And I’m starting with the July only average for the decade. (I’ll expand in later posts).

There are 1087 stations with July data in Alberta.

I’m narrowing it down to stations with 25 years of data and data all the way up to 2017 and 80% complate.

Things to note:

Only 29 stations make the cut. Only 1 station has the 2010s as the decade with the hottest July average Tmax.

Only 2 stations have data from the 1940s (none before that).

So … AGW ain’t going to kill Albertans in July. They already survived July in the 2000s.

And there isn’t any stations with old and new data. (By that I mean the 30s).

 

Station
Station No
Records Min Year Max Year pct of data 2010s 2000s 1990s 1980s 1970s 1960s 1950s 1940s 1930s 1920s 1910s 1900s 1890s 1880s
KANANASKIS 3053600 77 1940 2017 98.7 30.4 31.1 28.3 30.1 29.3 28.8 29.3 29.9
CAMROSE 3011240 70 1946 2017 97.2 29.9 31.6 28.7 30 29.1 31.1 31.2 30.9
COLD LAKE A 3081680 65 1953 2017 100 30.2 31.2 29.8 30 29.3 31.4 30.9
FORT SASKATCHEWAN 3012710 58 1958 2017 96.7 31.4 32 29 30.3 29.9 31.6 33.9
CRAIGMYLE 3021940 52 1960 2017 89.7 31.8 33.5 30.3 32.8 32.6 32.7
EDMONTON STONY PLAIN 301222F 52 1966 2017 100 29.8 30.8 27.8 29.2 28.4 28.6
QUEENSTOWN 3035340 51 1967 2017 100 31.9 33.3 31.4 33.8 34.2 32.2
FORESTBURG PLANT SITE 3012652 50 1968 2017 100 31.7 34 30.9 32.6 31.8 31.7
HIGH LEVEL A 3073146 47 1971 2017 100 30.9 29.9 29.7 29.8 29.2
SIMONETTE 3075937 44 1974 2017 100 28.9 30 29.1 29.3 28.6
VEGREVILLE 3016GF0 37 1981 2017 100 30.7 31.3 29.7 30.3
FABYAN 3012515 36 1981 2017 97.3 29.9 32.2 29.7 31.9
LLOYDMINSTER A 3013961 36 1982 2017 100 29.4 31.6 29.6 31.7
ELK ISLAND NAT PARK 3012275 33 1982 2017 91.7 30.8 31.3 29.9 29.4
BRULE BLACK CAT 3060903 31 1987 2017 100 30.7 31 28.8 29.8
PICTURE BUTTE WEST 303N1G3 31 1987 2017 100 33.6 34.6 31.3 33.2
ENTWISTLE 3062451 30 1988 2017 100 29.9 31.3 29.1 29.8
UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA METABOLIC CENTRE 301FFNJ 30 1987 2017 96.8 31.8 32.2 29.5 30.8
OKOTOKS 303M9JM 28 1990 2017 100 32.8 33.3 29.9
BROOKS 3030QLP 26 1989 2017 89.7 33.3 35 33.2 34
BOW ISLAND 3030768 25 1993 2017 100 33.7 34.3 31.6
BOW VALLEY 3050778 25 1993 2017 100 32.1 32.2 29.1
COP UPPER 3031875 25 1993 2017 100 31.1 31.3 28.5
CROWSNEST 3051R4R 25 1993 2017 100 31 32 29.1
ESTHER 1 301B460 25 1993 2017 100 32.9 34.8 32.3
LACOMBE CDA 2 3023722 25 1993 2017 100 30.1 31.3 28.4
SUNDRE A 3026KNQ 25 1993 2017 100 30.6 31.1 28.5
THREE HILLS 3026479 25 1993 2017 100 30.7 32.5 29.9
VAUXHALL CDA CS 3036682 25 1993 2017 100 33.6 34.8 32.8

March 6, 2018

Edmonton (two stations) and then Medicine Hat A

Filed under: Alberta,Canada — sunshinehours1 @ 6:24 PM
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I was looking over Alberta weather data (Environment Canada monthly summaries) because some article said Edmonton was warming by some godawful amount.

When I looked at Edmonton weather data I found 23 stations. Some old, some recent, some only running for a few years.

I looked at EDMONTON CITY CENTRE A  – 1937 to 2005 – average of 11.9 records per year. Pretty complete.

I know, no data from 2010s. But the 1980s were hottest.

1980s 4.3
1990s 3.9
2000s 3.8
1970s 3.4
1960s 3.0
1940s 2.7
1950s 2.6
1930s 2.2

EDMONTON STONY PLAIN 1966 to 2018  – 12

2010s 4.3
2000s 4.1
1980s 3.8
1990s 3.8
1960s 2.7
1970s 2.6

2010s aren’t over.

Then I went looking for some old/new data in Alberta with long runs just to get a feel for the province.

MEDICINE HAT A – 1883 to 2008 11.9 record per year. Again, no 2010s.  Tragic that EC let old long stations die off.

1910s 6.4
1920s 6.2
1980s 6.2
2000s 6.2
1900s 6.0
1990s 5.9
1930s 5.8
1880s 5.3
1940s 5.3
1960s 5.3
1970s 5.0
1950s 4.9
1890s 4.7

I’ll do some more like this.

 

November 5, 2017

Trudeau Screws Northerners – expected to live ‘in a giant park’

Filed under: Arctic,Canada — sunshinehours1 @ 2:11 PM
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Trudeau really, really hates Canadians.

The premier of the Northwest Territories says people living north of the 60th parallel are essentially being asked to make their home in a “giant park” devoid of job opportunities.

Bob McLeod told The West Block‘s Vassy Kapelos that his territory has, for a full year, been left to starve economically as the federal government moves to combat climate change.

“I think southern Canada has to realize that we have people up there … people struggling to make a living,” said the premier, who was in Ottawa for several days last week.

There are approximately 44,500 people living in the Northwest Territories on a permanent basis, according to the most recent data, an overall number that has fluctuated only a little since 2007 when there were 43,374 residents.

About 11 months ago, Ottawa declared a unilateral moratorium on new oil and gas drilling in the Arctic — without, McLeod maintains, any consultation with either local government or the Indigenous population. While designed to be permanent, the moratorium is subject to a review after five years.

The U.S., under former president Barack Obama, has also permanently banned oil and gas development in U.S. waters in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas.

But McLeod says there hasn’t been any real effort to identify a replacement industry that could help support local economies that have always relied on the resources sector.

Northerners expected to live ‘in a giant park’ as southern Canada reaps oil, gas benefits: NWT premier

 

October 28, 2017

National Post Tries to Scare Canadians – And Fails If you Look Carefully

Filed under: Canada — sunshinehours1 @ 10:10 AM
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National Post has published some maps claiming Canada is going to suffer from “scorching summers”.

I’ve hit my online paper article limit so I’ll post the tweet.

The animated gif starts with a scary January, lots of red. And article/tweet predicts “warm winters, scorching summers”.

Note that they are using “mean temperatures”, not maximums.

But if you capture the monthly images , when do you notice about the summer months?

June/July/Aug are not scary and all red. They are pretty high up on the scale (which means the lowest change)

 

And I repeat. This is mean temperatures. Not max. And having looked at the data I know many of the BC cities have a very low rate of maximum change versus minimum.

It is the minimums that are climbing in a lot of cities and the max isn’t.

Here is my original hometown of Kelowna. Tmax has barely changed since 1900 (and in fact dropped from 1900 to 1950 and then climbed a bit since then.

The ratio of Tmin change to Tmax change is 10.8 to 1. Look at the Tmin climb. Huge. 7C warmer.

 

May 8, 2016

Fort McMurray – Jeff Masters – Hot Days Histogram

Filed under: Canada — sunshinehours1 @ 10:31 AM
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The other day I did a post point out that it did get hot in Fort McMurray in April and May.

That post (and this) is using data from Environment Canada for 1908 to 1944.

Remember what Jeff Masters said:

“Fort McMurray saw record daily highs of 91°F on Tuesday and 89°F on Wednesday. The city gets this warm on only about five days in a typical year, and those days are usually in July or August (even then, the average daily high is between 70°F and 75°F)”

I’ve done two sets of histograms using the 75F (24C) boundary suggested by Jeff Masters. One for April/May and One for July/Aug.

In April/May 1944 there were 14 days 24C  and above.

In July/Aug 1944 there were 40 days 24C  and above.

HotDay_Histogram_ - April May - Hot Day HistogramHotDay_Histogram_ - July Aug - Hot Day Histogram

May 7, 2016

Fort McMurray – April and May

Filed under: Canada — sunshinehours1 @ 8:33 AM
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The other day I did a post pointing out that most of the really hot temperature records in Canada occurred 1936 to 1941.

Then I did a post about  Jeff Masters at Wunderground  claiming it never got this hot in Fort McMurray before in May.

I had only found monthly data before 1944. Reader Fred found pre-1944 daily data under the name “Ft McMurray”.

Jeff Masters said:

“Fort McMurray saw record daily highs of 91°F on Tuesday and 89°F on Wednesday. The city gets this warm on only about five days in a typical year, and those days are usually in July or August (even then, the average daily high is between 70°F and 75°F)”

Lets look at the data! Wow!!!!! And this was before 80,000 people and all the UHI moved in.

10 Warmest April Days Before 1944

Date Max Temp C Max Temp F
1939-04-29 35 95
1939-04-28 28.3 82.9
1941-04-30 27.8 82
1941-04-26 27.2 81
1941-04-29 27.2 81
1924-04-26 26.7 80.1
1915-04-29 26.1 79
1931-04-29 26.1 79
1915-04-24 25.6 78.1
1943-04-14 25.6 78.1

10 Warmest May Days Before 1944

Date Max Temp C Max Temp F
1936-05-29 36.7 98.1
1916-05-21 33.9 93
1936-05-28 33.3 91.9
1944-05-04 33.3 91.9
1934-05-25 32.8 91
1944-05-28 32.8 91
1919-05-19 32.2 90
1936-05-26 32.2 90
1940-05-23 32.2 90
1924-05-14 31.7 89.1

For fun, lets look at the whole year.

Date Max Temp C Max Temp F
1941-07-18 38.9 102
1916-07-02 37.8 100
1916-07-31 36.7 98.1
1924-07-02 36.7 98.1
1936-05-29 36.7 98.1
1937-06-29 36.7 98.1
1944-06-29 36.7 98.1
1941-07-15 35.6 96.1
1941-07-16 35.6 96.1
1918-07-10 35 95
1924-07-01 35 95
1939-04-29 35 95
1939-08-04 35 95
1916-06-30 34.4 93.9
1917-07-16 34.4 93.9
1919-06-20 34.4 93.9
1927-07-24 34.4 93.9
1930-07-14 34.4 93.9
1910-06-11 33.9 93
1916-05-21 33.9 93
1916-08-26 33.9 93
1925-06-28 33.9 93
1925-08-02 33.9 93
1926-07-05 33.9 93
1936-06-23 33.9 93

May 6, 2016

Fort McMurray and Climate Change and “Scientists”

Filed under: Canada — sunshinehours1 @ 9:38 AM
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Yesterday I did a post pointing out that most of the really hot temperature records in Canada occurred 1936 to 1941.

Today I noticed that Jeff Masters at Wunderground  was claiming it never got this hot in Fort McMurray before in May.

I’ll just post a few quick facts.

  1. The monthly data for Fort McMurray only goes back to 1944. I doubt daily goes further back.
  2. The really hot years were the 1936 – 1941 years. So temperature records missed the 1936-1941 period.

Here are the ten warmest May’s (in terms of TX = Tmax) in For McMurray from 1944 on.

Year Month Tx Tn Tm
1986 5 34.8 -3 11.6
1944 5 32.8 -7.8 12
1961 5 32.8 -5.6 10
1971 5 32.8 -5.6 12.3
1995 5 32.8 -6.7 10.5
2003 5 31.3 -5.4 9.3
1972 5 31.1 -6.7 12
1987 5 30.8 -6.9 11.1
1948 5 30.6 -4.4 11.1
1980 5 30.6 -3.8 11.2
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