The Hockey Schtick has found another paper showing sunshine is way up in Spain. And more sunshine means warming.
“The mean annual G series over Spain shows a tendency to increase during the 1985-2010 period, with a significant linear trend of + 3.9 Wm- 2 per decade. Similar significant increases are observed in the mean seasonal series, with the highest rate of change during summer (+ 6.5 Wm- 2 per decade) and secondly in autumn (+ 4.1 W m- 2 per decade) and spring (+ 3.2 Wm- 2 per decade). These results are in line with the widespread increase of G, also known as brightening period, reported at many worldwide observation sites.”
3.9W/m^2 is more than the effect of a doubling of CO2 (which has not happened yet)
The abstract is here.
I have other blog posts on the subject here.
The Hockey Schtick points to a new paper that finds a large increase in sunshine over the last 26 years.
“According to the authors, “the average increase of [surface solar radiation] from 1982 to 2008 is estimated to be 0.87 W m−2 per decade,” which equates to 2.26 W m-2 over the 26 year period. By way of comparison, this forcing was 12.5 times greater than the surface forcing alleged by the IPCC from increased CO2 over the same period.
The abstract is here. The paper is here.
“since the late 1980’s Rs has brightened over Europe due to decreases in aerosols but dimmed over China due to their increases. We found that variation of cloud cover determines Rs at a monthly scale but that aerosols determine the variability of Rs at a decadal time scale, in particular, over Europe and China.”
The warming since 1980 was caused by clean air legislation in the the US, UK and Europe.
Not by CO2.
I have posted several articles on this theme here , here and here.
I see Martin Wild is still writing papers proving that Surface Solar Radiation (I tend to call it Bright Sunshine) is higher than in the past. (Thanks HockeySchtick)
Decadal variations in estimated surface solar radiation over Switzerland since the late 19th century – A. Sanchez-Lorenzo and M. Wild
All-sky SSR has been fairly stable with little variations in the first half of the 20th century, unlike the second half of the 20th century that is characterized also in Switzerland by a dimming from the 1950s to the 1980s and a subsequent brightening.
Does this graph of Sunshine changes look like the temperature changes graphs?
The effect of CO2 doubling is supposed to be 3.7W/m^2. In this table, changes in sunshine from 1981 to 2011 produce 5.59W/m^2 in December to 15.25W/m^2 in April.